- Organization of the Manuscript
- Multimedia, Figure, and Table Guidelines
- Letters to the Editor
- Writing Tips
Manuscripts must be written in English. The entire text should be double-spaced, including references. Submitting an incomplete manuscript or a manuscript that does not adhere to the word limits will cause a delay in review. There are no overall length limitations.
Multiple-part papers are discouraged. Although this arrangement is sometimes necessary, authors will often be asked to collapse multiple papers into a single manuscript.
eNeuro uses a double-blind review process*, which means the identities of both the authors and reviewers are concealed throughout the review process. In order to facilitate this, authors should ensure their manuscripts are prepared in a way that does not reveal their identity. Please use the following as a guide when submitting your paper:
- Eliminate author names and contact information from anyplace in the paper. See Title Page for more information.
- Use the third person to refer to personal work. For example replace any phrases like 'as we have shown before' with 'has been shown before (Anonymous, 2007).'
- Make sure that the materials and methods section does not refer to personal work. Do not include statements such as 'using the method described in (XXX, 2007).' See Materials and Methods for more information.
- Ensure that figures do not contain any affiliation-related identifier.
- Depersonalize the work by using anonymous text where necessary. Do not include statements such as 'as we have reported before.'
- Remove self-citations and citations to unpublished work.
- Do not eliminate essential self-references or other references, but limit self-references only to papers that are relevant for those reviewing the submitted paper.
- Remove references to funding sources.
It is the responsibility of the authors to comply with the rules outlined above to ensure anonymity. If anonymity is found to be compromised, the manuscript will be pulled from review and sent back to the authors to make the necessary revisions to ensure author anonymity. If you feel necessary revisions cannot be made to meet the criteria for a double-blind review, please alert eNeuro's central office (eNeuro@sfn.org) to inquire whether your manuscript may proceed with a non-double-blind review of the manuscript.
eNeuro uses a new policy regarding statistical analysis. Please refer to Materials and Methods and the statistical table section for more information. It is the responsibility of the authors to comply with these rules. If the type of statistical analysis is not mentioned or the statistical table not included, the manuscript will be pulled from review and sent back to the authors to make the necessary revisions.
New submissions may be submitted as one PDF containing all manuscript text, figures, and tables. Revised submissions must include the manuscript text and tables prepared in Word, WordPerfect, RTF, LaTeX, or Text format. Each figure should be submitted as an EPS or TIFF file and have a resolution of at least 300 DPI. A separate title page must be provided, as noted below.
*Authors are welcome to submit a pre-submission inquiry to eNeuro@sfn.org if they feel their manuscript might not contain appropriate criteria for a double-blind review.
Supplemental Material, Extended Data, and Appendices
eNeuro does not accept supplemental material or appendices. Authors should make sure all necessary data including extended data and figures essential to the work are included with the submission. Theoretical papers should include enough detail about the models so that the work can be replicated.
All Extended Data will be reviewed by the editors to determine whether it is integral to the study and should be included in the final version of the manuscript:
- If there is a well-established repository for the data, it should be deposited there; eNeuro will host data without such a repository (see Policy on Molecular Data).
- Citations may not exist solely within the Extended Data; they must be included in the manuscript. Online data sets are still not visible to search engines used by citation indices, making inclusion of references in the main manuscript essential to provide proper credit to those cited.
- Only Extended Data directly related to, or supporting figures or tables and corresponding figure legends are allowed. Extended Data should be provided in figure or table format and labeled as Figure 1-1, Figure 1-2, Table 1-1, Table 1-2, etc., so they indicate which figure or table they are supporting (i.e. Extended Data table supporting Figure 5 labeled as Figure 5-1). Each should have a legend and be cited in the manuscript text and in the table or figure legend for which they support. Extended Data that supports more than one figure and/or table should be labeled as supporting the figure or table referred to first in the text.
- For ease of access and review, Extended Data should be submitted in the same format and following the same guidelines as regular figures and tables and uploaded to the system as Multimedia/Extended Data file type (see Multimedia, Figure, and Table Guidelines). Send an inquiry to eNeuro@sfn.org prior to submission if you wish to include Extended Data in other formats.
- A limitation of 20 MB is recommended. Send an inquiry to eNeuro@sfn.org if larger files are needed.
The title page of the manuscript should be completed using the Title Page Template.
Please include all the information listed and upload as a title page file.
Collect the following information to fill in the title page template:
- Title (50-word maximum)
- Abbreviated title (50-character maximum)
- Author names and affiliation, including postal codes
- Corresponding author with complete address, including an email address and postal code
- Number of figures, tables, multimedia (separately)
- Number of words for abstract, introduction, and discussion (separately)
- Conflicts of Interest
- Funding sources
Submitting and Corresponding Author
eNeuro distinguishes between submitting and corresponding authors. The submitting author is the author who submits the manuscript. A manuscript can have only one submitting author. The submitting author acts on behalf all other authors and is the only author with authority to resubmit, withdraw, correct, or retract manuscripts and published articles.
The corresponding author is the author responsible for responding to reader queries about the article. The submitting author has the option to also serve as corresponding author. eNeuro allows two authors to be designated as "corresponding authors." When two authors are listed, no priority is given. Corresponding authors do not have the authority to correct or retract a published article.
Authors who normally write their names in non-Latin characters may include their names in their native writing system in parentheses immediately following a transliterated version, for example, Jingbing Xue (薛晶冰). Any non-Latin languages that can be represented in Unicode characters will be accepted. This second rendering is allowed only for the original written form of a transliterated name and may not be used to include nicknames, degrees, ranks, titles, etc. Please size the name, including the surrounding parentheses, in your title page file so that it can be used as a graphic to produce the name in the final article.
The name of a formal group or consortium may be included in the author list only if that group made essential contributions to the results and there is at least one individual author in addition to the group. The individual authors must be listed first, followed by, "for [Group Name]." We do not allow "and [Group Name]." The group name must be spelled out. A statement in the acknowledgements section may specify the contribution(s) of the group and may include a URL that provides more information about the group (such as a list of its membership), but it may not list individual group members or differentiate contributions made by subgroups or individuals within the group.
The author's affiliation should be their home institution at the time when their primary contribution to the research was made. If an author's current affiliation differs, the current affiliation may be listed separately in the acknowledgements section.
Acknowledgements should be used to identify all funding sources. Acknowledgements may also be used to note intellectual, technical, or other assistance that does not warrant authorship. Individuals should be informed before the publication of any such acknowledgements and given the opportunity to decline the recognition. Promotional statements are not permitted. Funding sources should be listed first, with any acknowledgements of assistance following.
eNeuro generally does not allow dedications. The only exception is dedications to recently deceased neuroscientists who made a specific scientific contribution to the work described in the article. If the recently deceased person was one of the authors of the current paper, his or her date of death should be included. eNeuro does not allow dedications to living people.
Conflict of interest declarations are included in the acknowledgments section. For "no conflict," the preferred wording is: "The authors declare no competing financial interests." It is expected that authors submitting papers to eNeuro are in accordance with the Society's Policy on Conflict of Interest.
Manuscripts must include the following sections in the order listed:
- Abstract (250 word maximum)
- Significance Statement (120 words maximum)
- Introduction (750 words maximum, including citations)
- Materials & Methods
- Discussion (3,000 words maximum, including citations)
- Multimedia, Figure, and Table
Reminder: Do NOT include the title page or any information that could reveal any author's identity.
All lines of text should be numbered. Line numbers are automatically added in Microsoft Word documents.
The abstract should be clearly written and readily comprehensible to the broad readership of eNeuro. It should provide a concise summary of the objectives, methodology (including the species studied), key results, and major conclusions of the study. The abstract should be written in complete sentences, without subheadings. An abstract is not necessary for commentary and opinion manuscripts.
Also available: Visual Abstracts
The significance statement should provide a clear explanation of the importance and relevance of the research in a manner accessible to researchers without specialist knowledge in the field and informed lay readers. The Significance Statement will appear within the paper below the abstract.
The introduction should briefly indicate the objectives of the study and provide enough background information to clarify why the study was undertaken and what hypotheses were tested.
The materials and methods section should provide sufficient information to allow other investigators to repeat the research (see also Policy Concerning Availability of Materials). Previously published work by the authors must not be referenced but rather described in detail at least for the review process. Once the paper is accepted the authors may add the relevant references. Reference to publish procedures can be made if these procedures are commonly accepted by the scientific community. The sex of the species studied should be stated. All companies from which materials were obtained should be listed. If materials were obtained from an individual, an affiliation for that individual should be listed. A manuscript that presents only a theory may omit the materials and methods section.
All animal experimentation reported in eNeuro must have been conducted in accordance with the Society's Policies on the Use of Animals and Humans in Neuroscience Research.
To preserve the double-blind process please use the following statement regarding animal use: "All animal procedures were performed in accordance with the [Author University] animal care committee's regulations." The full statement including the name of the institution should be included in the cover letter to be used if the article is accepted.
Regarding the location where human subjects were recruited please use the following statement: 'Human subjects were recruited at a location which will be identified if the article is published.' The full statement including the location should be included in the cover letter and will be used if the article is accepted.
Numerical data should be analyzed using appropriate statistical tests. The authors must state the statistical methods they have used: descriptive and/or experimental design. In the case of experimental design, the authors must indicate the type: nonrandom or random (non-inferiority or superiority).
eNeuro encourages the use of links to Web pages providing detailed specification for animal lines, reagents, software packages, etc., when it is impossible or impractical to include a unique identifier or unambiguous description. URLs should be cited in parentheses in the text. For example: "Experiments were done using C57BL mice (http://jaxmice.jax.org/strain/013636.html)."
URLs of sites providing tutorial material (e.g., http://en.wikipedia.org/) are not allowed in articles because their authority and permanence cannot be verified. URLs of personal or laboratory websites or Dropboxes are also prohibited to maintain author and reviewer anonymity.
eNeuro is pleased to be part of the Resource Identification Initiative, a project aimed at clearly identifying the key resources used in the course of scientific research. This project helps address concerns about reproducibility by providing unique searchable identifiers, Research Resource Identifiers (RRIDs), for critical reagents and tools. RRIDs link readers to external resources and enable search engines to return all papers utilizing specified antibodies, organisms, or tools. This initiative is completely voluntary for eNeuro authors. RRIDs offer an important means for ensuring reproducible methods and providing critical data to help researchers identify suitable reagents and tools. We encourage all eNeuro authors to participate.
How to Find an RRID
In order to obtain an RRID visit https://scicrunch.org/resources and enter your search term(s).
- Search tip for antibodies: searching for the catalog number usually narrows the search to only a few relevant results.
- Search tip for cell lines: searching for the catalog number of an established cell line is usually best, searching for common cell lines such as HeLa cells is expected to produce several pages of results.
- Search tip for organisms: you can include PubMed IDs (PMIDs) in your search or filter your search results by PMID, species, phenotype, and other criteria.
- Search for software tools: usually the name of the tool (MATLAB or ImageJ) or the institution where it is housed will bring back relevant results.
For more search tips and help, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
How to Include RRIDs in Your Paper
Once you have located an RRID, please insert "RRID:" plus the identifier in the appropriate location in the methods section. For example:
- Antibodies: "Sections were stained with a rabbit polyclonal antibody against ERK1 (Abgent Cat# AP7251E, RRID: AB_2140114)."
- Cell Lines: "Subjects include the following cell line: CLS Cat# 300384/p699_HeLa_S3, RRID:CVCL_0058.”
- Genetically modified organisms: "Subjects in this study were Fgf9Eks/Fgf9+ mice (RRID: MGI_3840442)..."
- Software tools: "...terminals were mapped with a computer-assisted mapping program (Neurolucida, v 10; MicroBrightField RRID:nif-0000-10294)."
How to Request an RRID
When you cannot find an RRID for a model organism or antibody that you used, you can help this initiative by submitting the reagent for an identifier as detailed below. The Resource Identification Portal includes mouse, zebrafish, worm, fruit fly, and rat model organisms as well as many commercial antibodies and some lab-sourced ones. When utilizing a model organism outside those already in the relevant model organism database, visit https://scicrunch.org/resources/about/guidelines#organism to submit a new organism.” Antibodies can be added via the Antibody Registry (http://antibodyregistry.org/add); please note that login is required on that site.
The first column is the structure of the data (e.g., normal distribution).
The second column lists the statistical test.
The third column gives the observed power value of the statistical test calculated from the actual data. Confidence intervals may instead be listed.
The lines refer to the numerical values provided in the text as they appear in the results section.
|Data Structure||Type of test||Power|
The following resources offer helpful guidelines on how to report statistical results:
- Bailar, JC, Mosteller, F (1988) Guidelines for statistical reporting in articles for medical journals. Ann Intern Med, 108:266-273
- Curran-Everitt, D, Benos DJ, (2004) Guidelines for reporting statistics in journals published by the American
- Physiological Society. J Neurophysiol, 92:669-671
- Lang, TA, Secic, M (2006) How to report statistics in medicine: annotated guidelines for authors, editors and reviewers, 2nd edition, Philadelphia, PA, ACP Press
- Sarter M, Fritschy JM (2008) Eur J Neurosci 28:2363-2364.
The results section should clearly and succinctly present the experimental findings. Only results essential to establish the main points of the work should be included. There is no limit in size or number of figures and tables for this section.
Authors must provide detailed information for each analysis performed, including population size, definition of the population (e.g., number of individual measurements, number of animals, number of slices, number of times treatment was applied, etc.), and specific p values (not > or <), followed by a superscript lowercase letter referring to the statistical table provided at the end of the results section. Numerical data must be depicted in the figures with box plots.
The discussion section should include a brief statement of the principal findings, a discussion of the validity of the observations, a discussion of the findings in light of other published work dealing with the same or closely related subjects, and a statement of the possible significance of the work. Extensive discussion of the literature is discouraged.
Only published references should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper. The latest information on "in press" references should be provided. In the case of "in press" references (i.e., accepted for publication in a specific journal or book) the paper, which must be relevant for reviewers to see in order to make a well-informed evaluation should be included as a separate document text file along with the submitted manuscript. In this case, the authors recognize the loss of anonymity. "Submitted" references should be cited only in text and in the following form: (unpublished observations). If the paper is accepted, the authors can then add their names: A. B. Smith, C. D. Johnson, and E. Green, unpublished observations).The form for personal communications is similar: (F. G. Jackson, personal communication). Authors are responsible for all personal communications and must obtain written approval from persons cited before submitting the paper to eNeuro. Proof of such approval may be requested by eNeuro.
References should be cited in the text as follows: "The procedure used has been described elsewhere (Green, 1978)," or "Our observations are in agreement with those of Brown and Black (1979) and of White et al. (1980)," or, with multiple references in chronological order: "Earlier reports (Brown and Black, 1979, 1981; White et al., 1980; Smith, 1982, 1984)...."
List of references should be double-spaced and papers should be given in alphabetical order according to the surname of the first author. In two-author papers with the same first author, the order is alphabetical by the second author's name. In three-or-more-author papers with the same first author, the order is chronological. The name of the author(s) should be followed by the date in parentheses, the full title of the paper as it appeared in the original together with the source of the reference, the volume number, and the first and last pages. Do not number or bullet the references. If the author list for a paper in the references exceeds 20, the paper should be cited as Author A et al. The following illustrate the format to be used:
Hamill OP, Marty A, Neher E, Sakmann B, Sigworth F (1981) Improved patch-clamp techniques for high-resolution current recordings from cells and cell free membrane patches. Pflugers Arch 391:85-100.
Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952a) The components of membrane conductance in the giant axon of Loligo. J Physiol (Lond) 116:473-496.
Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952b) The dual effect of membrane potential on sodium conductance in the giant axon of Loligo. J Physiol (Lond) 116:497-506.
Hille B (1984) Ionic channels of excitable membranes. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.
Chapter in a book
Stent GS (1981) Strength and weakness of the genetic approach to the development of the nervous system. In: Studies in developmental neurobiology: essays in honor of Viktor Hamburger (Cowan WM, ed), pp288-321. New York: Oxford UP.
Abbreviations of journal titles should follow those listed in the Index Medicus. Responsibility for correct references lies with the author(s). After manuscript revisions, authors should double-check that all in-text citations are in the reference list and that all references on the reference list have at least one corresponding in-text citation. Failure to do so will result in the delay of proof generation and possibly publication. Please make sure that the references are double-spaced and no bullets, numbers, or other listing formats are used.
Manuscripts that include figures, tables, multimedia, and/or extended data must include legends as part of the main manuscript text. Each file must have a separate legend and be numbered independently. The text of the article should refer to figures as "Figure 1," "Figure 2," etc., tables as "Table 1," "Table 2," etc., videos as "Movie 1," "Movie 2," etc and Extended data as Figure 1-1, Figure 1-2, Table 1-1, Table 1-2, etc. These text citations of figures, tables, multimedia and extended data need to be in numerical order, in part to aid in placing the illustrations in the proper position on the PDF page. Note: Extended Data must be referenced in the table or figure legend for which they support.
eNeuro now permits extended data sets to be included with submissions (see Extended Data)
Image Manipulation: Illustrations must conform to eNeuro's Policy on Image Manipulation. Authors must retain their unprocessed data and metadata files, as editors may request them to aid in manuscript evaluation. If unprocessed data are unavailable, manuscript evaluation may be halted until the issue is resolved. If the original data cannot be produced, the manuscript may be rejected.
Use of Color: Illustrations must be prepared so that they are accessible to our many color-blind readers. The following sites contain useful information, tips and tools on appropriate use of color in illustrations:
The following guidelines should be observed:
- Avoid gratuitous color: Grayscale generally provides a more faithful representation when a single quantity is being displayed. Use textures or different line types rather than colors in bar plots or graphs.
- Avoid troublesome color combinations: Figures with red and green are particularly problematic. Illustrations using green/red should generally be converted to green/magenta. If no suitable combination can be found, consider presenting separate monochrome images for the different color channels. For line drawing that require color, consider redundant coding by adding different textures or line types to the colors.
eNeuro will publish multimedia embedded in the HTML and PDF versions of articles. Essential multimedia will be displayed in line with the article text, as is done for figures.
Multimedia files must be numbered independently of figures and tables, and cited at the relevant point in the manuscript text (e.g., "Movie 1," "Movie 2").
A title should be part of the legend and not lettered onto the multimedia file itself.
A legend must be included in the manuscript document after the reference list. Legends should include sufficient detail to be intelligible without reference to the text. Legends must define all symbols and include essential information, such as scale bar dimensions. If videos are not in real time and the time is not displayed in the video, the period represented must be stated in the legend. Rather than stating "See text," legends should be more specific; for example, "See Results."
Videos must be submitted at the size they are to appear in eNeuro. They should be the smallest size that will convey the essential scientific information and sized appropriately: 1 column (maximum width 8.5 cm), 1.5 columns (maximum width 11.6 cm), or 2 columns (maximum width 17.6 cm).
Multimedia files must be in MP4 format, and should not be larger than one megabyte.
To optimize videos for PC, tablet and smartphone viewing, we recommend formatting your videos with the following specifications:
- Video codec: H.264
- Audio codec: AAC
- Audio bit rate: 128 kbit/s
- Video resolution: 480 vertical lines or better
- Size: Maximum width of 480 pixels
To convert videos from other formats to MP4 format, the following resource is available here.
For each video submitted, authors should provide a preview image, or poster frame that best captures the main point of the video.
Figures must be numbered independently of tables and multimedia, and cited at the relevant point in the manuscript text, e.g. "Figure 1", "Figure 2", etc. Do not duplicate data by presenting it both in the text and in a figure.
Label extended data supporting figures as Figure 1-1, Figure 1-2, etc., so they indicate which figure they are supporting with a legend. They should be cited in the manuscript text or in the figure legend for which they support. (see Extended Data).
A title should be part of the legend and not lettered onto the figure.
A legend must be included in the manuscript document after the reference list. Legends should include sufficient detail to be intelligible without reference to the text. Legends must define all symbols and include essential information. Rather than stating "See text," legends should be more specific; for example, "See Results".
Figures must be submitted at the size they are to appear in eNeuro. They should be the smallest size that will convey the essential scientific information, and sized to 1 column (maximum width 8.5 cm), 1.5 columns (maximum width 11.6 cm) or 2 columns (maximum width 17.6 cm).
- Initial Submission - Figures may be included in a single PDF file that contains the manuscript and all tables and figures.
- Revised Submission or Resubmission - Figures must be submitted only as separate files in TIFF or EPS format. Note: EPS images cannot use the Adobe_CoolType_Utility. This is not compatible with the current image processing guidelines used by our online hosting provider.
Color figures should be in RGB format and supplied at a minimum of 300 dpi. For information on converting files to RGB format please refer to this page. Color is considered essential in a figure if it is necessary to accurately convey the information being presented by the image. Non-essential color refers to figures in which the color is not necessary for the meaning of the image to be made clear. Color should only be used in figures when essential.
For figures in vector-based format, all fonts should be converted to outlines and saved as EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) to ensure that they are reproduced correctly. For information on converting to outlines, please refer to this page.
Monochrome (bitmap) images must be supplied at 1200 dpi.
Grayscale must be supplied at a minimum of 300 dpi.
Remove top and right borderlines (that to not contain measuring metrics) from all graph/histogram figure panels (do not box the panels in).
Do not include any two-bar graphs/histograms. Instead state those values in the text. Two-bar graphs/histograms are generally discouraged because the result can be conveyed more precisely and compactly with numbers.
To ensure that your figures will appear at the highest quality, please review the detailed instructions for figure preparation at http://cpc.cadmus.com/da/index.jsp. To better assist our authors with digital art preparation, eNeuro has made available Cadmus' Rapid Inspector application, which alerts users when their files do not meet acceptable specifications and provides instructions on how to reformat their files to meet those specifications. Sign up at the Rapid Inspector web site: http://rapidInspector.cadmus.com/RapidInspector/zo5/index.jsp to download the application. If you have problems downloading the application please see the FAQs at the Cadmus site.
All tables must be numbered independently of figures, multimedia and 3D models and cited at the relevant point in the manuscript text, e.g. "Table 1", "Table 2", etc. Do not duplicate data by presenting it both in the text and in a table.
Label extended data supporting tables as Table 1-1, Table 1-2, etc., so they indicate which table they are supporting with a legend. They should be cited in the manuscript text or in the table legend for which they support. (see Extended Data)
A title should appear above the table.
A legend for each table must be included in the manuscript document after the reference list. Legends should include sufficient detail to be intelligible without reference to the text. Legends must define all symbols and include essential information. Rather than stating "See text," legends should be more specific; for example, "See Results."
Each table should be double-spaced. Multiple-part tables (A and B sections with separate "subtitles") should be avoided when possible, especially when there are two [different] sets [or types] of column headings.
Do not use color or shading, bold or italic fonts, or lines to highlight information. Indention of text and sometimes, additional space between lines is preferred.
Tables with color or shading in the table body will need to be processed as an illustration (graphic).
Visual abstracts are a new way of summarizing journal articles into a single graphical image or schematic that is designed to emphasize the main findings of the article — the take-home message. Visual abstracts are intended to help readers quickly identify papers that are most relevant to their areas of research.
"A visual abstract should be eye-catching and easy to interpret."
Authors have the option of providing a visual abstract at submission or at revision. For ease of reading, visual abstracts should have a clear beginning and end — either from top to bottom or from left to right. Keep it simple. Content should be in graphical form; keep text to a minimum. Visual abstracts are considered a part of the technical content of the article and will go through the peer review process.
The visual abstract should be submitted at the smallest size that will convey the essential scientific information. It must be submitted at the final reduced size using the following guidelines to fit in 1 column (maximum width 8.5 cm), 1.5 columns (maximum width 11.6 cm), or 2 columns (maximum width 17.6 cm).
- Initial Submission — The visual abstract may be included in a single PDF file that contains the manuscript and all tables and figures.
- Revised Submission or Resubmission — The visual abstract must be submitted only as a separate file in TIFF or EPS format. Note: EPS images cannot use the Adobe_CoolType_Utility. This is not compatible with the current image processing guidelines used by our online hosting provider.
The visual abstract should be in RGB format and supplied at a minimum solution of 300 dpi. If in vector-based format, all fonts should be converted to outlines and saved in the EPS format to ensure that they are reproduced correctly.
To ensure that the visual abstract will appear at the highest quality, please review the detailed instructions for figure preparation with Cadmus Digital Art. To better assist our authors with digital art preparation, eNeuro has made available Cadmus' Rapid Inspector application, which alerts users when their files do not meet acceptable specifications and provides instructions on how to reformat their files to meet those specifications. Sign up at the Rapid Inspector website to download the application. If you have problems downloading the application please see the FAQs at the Cadmus site.
Manuscripts with many mathematical characters and equations should be prepared using MathType version 6.0 or higher (available from Design Science, Inc.). Our publisher can pull equations in this format directly from the text, thereby avoiding typographical errors that frequently occur in composing equations. Manuscripts with a minimal amount of math may be prepared using word-processing tools such as Word's Equation Editor, or with features such as bold, italics, superscript and subscript together with characters in the Symbol or Greek fonts. Do not use the Wingdings or Webdings fonts.
Use nonstandard abbreviations only if a term appears three or more times (the initial appearance of the term and one other time). Spell out the term at first occurrence and introduce the abbreviation by placing it in parentheses after the term. Units should conform to the International System of Units (SI) (see the International System of Units Brochure), except for temperatures, which should be expressed in degrees Celsius.
The term "killed" is preferred to "euthanized" or "sacrificed," which are considered euphemisms. If the word "killed" is objectionable, wording can be modified. For example, "the animal was exsanguinated" instead of "the animal was killed by exsanguination."
Italics are used for binomial nomenclature, gene names, genetically modified mice (e.g., mutants) and for certain Latin terms, but not for emphasis (e.g., "the Growth group," not "the Growth group").
Responses to articles may be submitted online via a link on the article's Web page. Responses will also be visible via the Letters to the Editor link on eNeuro's home page.
Article responses allow readers to comment on the content of articles published in eNeuro. The goal is to facilitate open exchanges on science published in eNeuro. Responses can be submitted by clicking the "Respond to this article" link located in the right sidebar of an article's Web page and then following the instructions provided. Please note that communications meant solely for the authors of an article, including requests for reprints, reagents, or assistance, should be sent instead to the address listed in the footnotes of the original article (after the phrase "Correspondence should be addressed to...").
Responses should be concise: generally fewer than 250 words. It is acceptable to publish a more extensive commentary on an external site (e.g., ArXiv) and submit an abstract of that commentary with a URL as a response.
Responses will be screened for significance and appropriateness, and will usually be posted within 48 hours of receipt. Publication is at the discretion of the editors. eNeuro will not publish responses that, in our judgment, are not in the spirit of constructive scientific discourse. In addition, only one response (and optional reply to that response from the author) will be published concerning a given issue for a particular article. Although responses cannot be edited by the submitting author after publication, eNeuro editors reserve the rights to amend, edit, or remove materials at any time.
Certain material is inappropriate for responses. This includes, but is not limited to:
- Requests for medical advice or assistance
- Unpublished data (including figures or tables)
- Comments that advertise or promote specific commercial interests
- Comments that promote specific political or religious viewpoints
- Comments from authors with real or apparent conflicts of interest
- Comments that are rude, libelous, or inflammatory
- Comments that are anonymous or written under a pseudonym
We will publish your name with your response. You must provide an email address when a response is submitted, and this address will be made available to readers so they can contact you. Citations should be included when needed and should be in the same format as used in eNeuro.
All authors of responses are subject to the guidelines described in the Responsible Conduct Regarding Scientific Communications. Responses must observe any licenses or copyrights on original material.
Submitting authors are entirely responsible for the accuracy of the content of responses. However, we expect specific claims to be supported by references and opinion or speculation to be so specified in the response. Financial contributions to the work being reported should be clearly acknowledged, as should any potential conflict of interest. The proper form for citing eNeuro is as follows:
- Smith, A.B., Title of response letter (electronic response to Jones, C.D., Title of original paper. eNeuro 2015:35:19101. DOI:10.1523/eNeuro.e5813-12.2015).
Below are tips on how to revise sentences. Both articles were published in SfN's Neuroscience Quarterly.
Tips for Clear Writing
Overuse of the passive voice is a common problem in writing. Although passive voice has its place — for example, in the Methods section — in many instances it makes the manuscript dull by failing to identify the author's role in the research. Other weak writing practices are the overuse of prepositional phrases, the verb "to be," nominalizations, and noun strings. Using too many prepositional phrases causes information overloads that can confuse readers. Overuse of the weak linking verb "to be" creates unnecessarily long and imprecise sentences. Sentences with many nominalizations (noun forms of verbs) result in texts that are difficult to understand. Energize your text by transforming the noun forms of verbs back into verbs and avoid noun strings (nouns modifying nouns), which result in too much compressed information that is confusing to readers. Consider, too, where to put new and important information. Generally, readers look for new information at the end of sentences, the end of paragraphs, and the end of abstracts. Help the readelocate your most important points by using these stress positions.
Principles at Work
(See examples on eNeuro)
- Use direct, active-voice sentences.
- Limit prepositional phrases.
- Limit use of the verb "to be."
- Avoid noun forms of verbs (nominalizations).
- Limit noun strings (nouns modifying nouns).
- Put new and important information toward the end of sentences and paragraphs.